So how exactly does one explain what an examination malpractice is? In accordance with Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is described whilst the “massive and unprecedented abuse of principles and regulations related to central and community examinations, start from the placing of such examinations through the using of the examinations, their tagging and grading, to the release of the outcomes and the issuance of certificates.”
In an identical vein, an academic has tried still another explanation with this unbridled trend as “the behave of omission or commission supposed to create a student go examination without depending definitely on his/her independent power or resources.” Particular study conclusions, findings, instructive and informed submissions of educationalists, academics, and other prime stakeholders in this unique market of the nation’s economy, however, have suggested that there had been one form of examination malpractice or another before because in the first 1970s when “mass cheating was initially perpetrated in WAEC” (West African Examinations Council).
Perhaps, this realisation jolted the examination human anatomy at the secondary school stage to study significantly, various manifestations and extent with this retrogressive inclination. It apparently, categorised different forms of examination malpractice as including taking in foreign resources to examination halls, unpredictable actions inside and outside examination halls, collusion, impersonation, leakage, mass cheating and insult/assault on supervisors throughout exams.
Other styles of exam malpractices determined by waec runs contain support of candidates by invigilators to answer or have clue to hard concepts, though some invigilators also visit the level of addressing some areas of the problem for candidates, irrespective of other forms as “giraffing, contraband, round, super printing, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros.”
Nonetheless, what has occurred to the survival of the country’s education system from that time till today? Unfortuitously, in the continued 21st Century, examination malpractices of various types, types and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and develop into a national problem. The unbecoming tendency voraciously, continues to consume strong to the cultural fabric, from principal schools to tertiary institutions of learning across the Nigerian Federation. It’s no surprise then, that the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT), of new, passionately asked the National Construction to declare circumstances of disaster in the knowledge sector to be able to consciously revamp the missing fame of the after growing industry.
While many stakeholders in the sector however, believe that the predominant malaise the training sector is not just perpetrated by the students alone, but also with the productive connivance of other stakeholders, including educators, safety brokers, exam invigilators, units, supervisors, and the like, examination malpractices have similarly been described by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the frustrating trend as “traditional and institutionalised multibillion Naira organization”, which some depraved individuals, organizations and institutions give fat in the country at the time of now.
However, a applicable issue any honest-minded Nigerians need to ask themselves only at that point is: How did Nigeria get to the decadent state in their knowledge industry? Just as some significant stakeholders and professionals severally, have indicated heartfelt considerations in regards to the continual injury continual examination malpractices are inflicting on the nation, numerous facets have already been sophisticated because of this unpleasant development.
Among other causes adduced for the astronomical escalation in examination malpractices lately are that using cases, “questions aren’t related to the syllabus”, and subsequently, examination malpractices are encouraged. It is also, been alleged that issue syllabuses are overloaded and problematic for exam candidates, so that they quite often find it difficult to cope. But, are these tenable excuses for questionable candidates and their depraved collaborators to take part in exam irregularities? It’s merely indefensible for individuals to resort to examination irregularities. It’s believed that with established, aware efforts at succeeding in just about any beneficial endeavour, including examinations, “where there’s a will, there is a way.”
Several students’rising insufficient seriousness and ability to take on their potential, as many think that many learners today are “not prepared to learn “.For example, this has been observed that in most community schools specifically, students are seen roaming the roads, although some seen with home movie cassettes and small devices (CDs/DVDs) and others enjoying football during school hours.